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N. Korea Has 10 Nukes: SIPRI
SIPRI Report: US, Russia Reduce Nuclear Warheads
N. Korea's Kwangmyongsong Satellite Launch: North Korea launched successfully the Kwangmyongsong No. 4 satellite into the polar orbit at Dongchangri in North Pyongyan Province,
raising questions about its ICBM progress on Feb. 7 (Sunday), 2016. North Korea’s earth observation satellite launch once again touched off a flurry of accusations from South Korea and the United States about North Korea's design to develop ICBM.

North Korea has 10 nuclear weapons, according to a Sweden-based nonproliferation think tank of SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute).

In its annual report released on June 13, 2016, SIPRI announced that as of the start of 2016 there are a total of 15,395 nuclear weapons in the world,
owned by the United States, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel, and North Korea.

Among the number are 4,120 weapons deployed operationally around the world.

SIPRI said that Russia had most number of nuclear bombs with 7,290 nuclear warheads. The US maintains 7,000 nuclear weapons. The two military superpowers' nuclear weaponry accounts for 93 percent of the nuclear weapons in the world.

The third major nuclear power was found out to be France with 300 nuclear bombs. China has 260 warheads and Britain possesses 215 warheads.

It estimated that Pakistan maintains between 110 and 130 nuclear bombs while India has similar number of warheads ranging from 100 to 120.

Israel is known to have 80 nuclear weapons. And North Korea has made 10 nuclear warheads in recent years.

The report said that SIPRI could not verify whether the secretive Pyongyang government has been able to produce or deploy operational nuclear weapons. North Korea conducted its first nuclear test in 2006.

SIPRI revealed that there were 455 fewer nuclear warheads owned by nine nuclear countries compared with the previous year.

The world’s biggest nuclear powers, the United States and Russia, started reducing their nuclear stockpiles. Instead they are trying to improve the capability of their nuclear weaponry.

The global stockpiles of nuclear weapons have decreased since mid-1980s when Cold War rivalry between the US and former Soviet Union produced as many as 70,000 nuclear warheads, SIPRI scholars Shannon Kile and Hans Kristensen wrote in the report.

The researchers argued that "the pace of their reductions appears to be slowing compared with a decade ago, and neither Russia nor the United States ... has made significant reductions in deployed strategic nuclear forces since the bilateral New START treaty" came into effect in 2011.

However, the SIPRI report went on to argue that the prospects worldwide for "genuine progress towards nuclear disarmament remain gloomy."

It added that "None of the nuclear weapon power states are prepared to give up their nuclear arsenals for the foreseeable future," and that Washington and Moscow both have "extensive and expensive nuclear modernization programs."

SIPRI said India is strengthening its nuclear-capable ballistic-missile program and speeding up its production of plutonium while its rival, Pakistan, is developing battlefield nuclear weapons in response to India’s stronger conventional forces.

The SIPRI report said Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal "may increase significantly" during the next decade.




 

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