Bt Uzbekistan Embassy in Seoul
Corruption causes serious damage to the development of any country. At the same time, citizens' trust to social justice, truth and state bodies is lost. Therefore, the fight against this evil always remains relevant.The threats of corruption are manifested, firstly, politically; Corruption is an expression of resistance to ongoing reforms. After all, corrupt officials inflict irreparable damage to the political and economic policy of the country and the overwhelming majority of the population, setting goals for personal enrichment and interests of clans above state interests.Secondly, in the legal plan, tk. Corruption erodes the constitutional foundations of the state, leads to serious violations of citizens' rights and freedoms.But the deeply flawed principle that "laws and decrees are adopted in order to circumvent them" leads to the fact that society loses its ability to maintain an elementary legal and public order.Thirdly, morally and morally, since corruption undermines the moral foundations of society, disorientates citizens, creates prerequisites for the formation of a negative attitude towards the ongoing transformations.Fourth, economically, since The activities of corrupt officials not only push the country's honest citizens away from entrepreneurship, but undermine confidence and deter foreign partners, etc.All of the above factors indicate that the fight against corruption is not a momentary action, but systematic and systematic work of the state and society as a whole.The first President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov in his works repeatedly stressed that "... every honest citizen of Uzbekistan, everyone who cherishes her future and authority, should remember this threat.Anyone who wants stable conditions for honest work, the application of their knowledge, energy and creative imagination, anyone who dreams of his children and relatives having the opportunity and in the future to fully enjoy the benefits of civilized market relations in a democratic, civil society should understand to what heavy consequences crime and corruption can lead, if in their way in time not to put necessary barrier.In Uzbekistan, for a historically short period, the institutional and legal framework for ensuring law and order has been formed, and an effective system for countering corruption has been created.In the course of implementing reforms in this field, great importance is attached to the introduction into the national legislation of generally recognized norms of international law, which was embodied in the adoption in 2008 of the Law "On Accession of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (New York, October 31, 2003)." In 2010, Uzbekistan joined the Istanbul Action Plan of the Anti-Corruption Network of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. In recent years, a number of important regulatory and legal acts have been adopted to improve the legal mechanisms for combating corruption, including the Budget and Customs (in a new edition) codes, the laws "On the Prevention of Offenses," "On Social Partnership," "On the Openness of the Activities of Public Authorities And management," " On operative-search activity," " On the bodies of internal affairs," " On electronic government."Today, the system of "e-government" is being implemented in Uzbekistan, a site that allows over 200 services to individuals and legal entities through a "single window," giving them the opportunity to communicate electronically with state institutions, minimizes the possibility of losing data, documents, Information, and the automatic registration of applications, complaints and proposals does not allow artificially to reduce the number of appeals, etc.Today in Uzbekistan, measures are being taken to liberalize the economy, improve the business environment, create favorable conditions for small businesses and private entrepreneurship, remove administrative barriers and simplify licensing and permitting procedures, improve public procurement mechanisms, and approve rules for the ethical conduct of civil servants.In order to further improve the legal framework for combating corruption, taking into account the best foreign experience, on January 3, 2017, President S. Mirziyoyev signed the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Combating Corruption."This normative legal act is aimed at the comprehensive regulation of legal relations in the field of fighting corruption, increasing the effectiveness of anti-corruption measures carried out by state bodies, organizations and institutions of civil society, preventing corruption manifestations in all spheres of public life, creating an atmosphere of intolerance in all societies Increase of legal awareness and legal culture of citizens. The purpose of the law is to regulate relations in the field of combating corruption.The law names the main directions of state policy in the field of combating corruption:• Increase of the legal awareness and legal culture of the population, formation of an intolerant attitude towards corruption in the society;• Implementation of measures to prevent corruption in all spheres of the life of the state and society;• timely detection, suppression of corruption offenses, elimination of their consequences, causes and conditions that contribute to them, as well as ensuring the principle of the inevitability of responsibility for committing corruption offenses.The law provides for the creation of the Republican Interdepartmental Commission for Combating Corruption with the inclusion of representatives of public associations, entrepreneurs and other institutions of civil society in order to coordinate activities and strengthen cooperation among counteracting corruption actors.The law is also aimed at protecting the right of private property from unlawful encroachments by business entities, unreasonable interference in their activities. The document describes measures to prevent corruption in public administration.Among them: ensuring openness of activities and accountability of state bodies, parliamentary and public control, the introduction of performance evaluation systems for officials, as well as competitive selection and promotion systems based on the principles of openness and impartiality. The legal status of state employees will be determined, their social protection, material support and incentives will be ensured.
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