By Ahmed Bourzaim
Moroccan Ambassador to Seoul
The setting up of Diwane Al Madalim springs also from the concern to strengthen the rule of law. This institution, whose roots extend to the ancient traditions of the Kingdom and Islam, stands as a referee between citizens and the administration. It has set up among other objectives fighting against corruption and misuse of power, making up for injustices and preserving people's rights. Solidarity is another way conceived by His Majesty the King aiming at promoting human rights. Major actions initiated by the Sovereign focused on the right for the disabled and the poor to lead a decent life. Are significant in this respect, the efforts carried out by "Mohammed V Foundation" for Solidarity.
Different policies supervised by the King and targeting the children were taken in order to grant them a better status either within the family code or by actions carried out by the National Institute of the rights of Children (ONDE). The "National Initiative for Human Development" launched by King Mohammed VI, in his address to the Nation on May 18th 2005 is yet another landmark initiative as it defines a large-scale programme meant to speed up socio-economic development in general and in particular help to reintegrate the most marginalized fringes of society in the production fabric and thus alleviate poverty, a scourge at the heart of international concerns. It also seeks to foster solidarity in order to make up for social shortcomings and fight regional disparities, as well as all forms of exclusion. The adoption of a new Family Code, whose broad lines were announced by HM King Mohammed VI in his speech before Parliament on October 6, 2003, is considered by many observers as a real political and historical revolution. The code establishes new relations at the level of the family based upon equity and equality between husband and wife. It is worthwhile noting that, under the new code, marriage procedure has been simplified for Moroccans living abroad. Accordingly, it would be enough to establish the marriage certificate in front of two Muslim witnesses in accordance with the procedures in force in host countries, and then register it in the Moroccan consular or judicial services.Another great reform that a large number of Moroccans and their children have been so long waiting for was voiced by HM King Mohammed VI in the Throne day speech of July 30, 2005. The Royal Decision enables children born to a Moroccan mother and foreign father to be granted the Moroccan nationality. The reform of the nationality code comes to strengthen the family code by granting to children born to a Moroccan mother the right to live as a full Moroccan and to their mother a feeling of security. It is a reform that comes within the framework of the conformity of the Moroccan legislation to the various international conventions ratified by Morocco, and in particular, those relating to the rights of children and the elimination of any forms of discrimination against women.
With regards to transport infrastructures, a vast program of modernization has been carried out aiming at equipping the country with motor-highways network with a view to keep abreast with the country's economic and social development.As far as the railroad system is concerned, and within the framework of the economic plan of development in this sector, the objective was to carry tonnage, thanks to the acquisition of about one hundred new coaches. Other great projects are scheduled in the medium term and will concern the major Moroccan cities, which will be equipped with a network of modern stations.
The Moroccan Airport Authority (ONDA) also has its ambitious development plan for the years to come and aims at preparing the air transport sector for the changes and challenges to take up during the next years. This plan lies within the framework of the national objective of 10 million tourists by 2010. In January 2006, King Mohammed VI launched USD 1.08 Billion worth project aiming at developing the "Bouregreg" valley that separates the capital Rabat from its twin city Salé. The project will be funded by Hassan II Fund for Economic and Social Development, the "Office National d'Eau Potable," REDAL, local collectivities and private investors. Thus, this project has brought until now USD 2.2Bn private investments, in addition to the USD 1Bn allocated by the government. The project, to be carried out in ten years, extends in a vast area of over 4000 hectares, and will be implemented by the "Bouregreg Valley Development Agency." The project is dedicated in its first phase to rehabilitating the valley and protecting it from floods. As parts of this project, numerous infrastructures will be built including a marina, a wharf, terraced gardens, a cultural park, malls and a tramline linking Rabat and Salé. In addition to these projects, the future commercial Port of Tangier-Mediterranean is expected to win, when it becomes operative in 2007, a prominent position similar to that of international ports. It will rebalance the flow of exchanges and therefore release the Casablanca port, instigate the northern economic tissue of the country thanks to a specific activity of transshipment.
Last but not least, Morocco has opted for the liberalization of the telecommunications which, consequently, resulted in an exceptional takeoff of the sector since the 90's and allowed the reinforcement of the landscape with the arrival of new mobile and home phones operators. These were, some of the achievements in the last few years. Such outcome enabled Morocco to win a better position within the concert of nations as a trustworthy partner and allowed the Moroccan people to confront the new challenges of globalization from a favourable position.
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