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Muhammad Iqbal's Birthday Marked in Seoul
Pakistani Ambassador Murad Ali Hosts Function
From Left to Right: Mr.Abdul Muiz Iqbal, Professor Lee, Sang-Ik, Professor Min, Hee-Sik, former Vice Minister Mr. Oh, Jay Hee, Ambassador Murad Ali, Professor Changnam Suh, Professor Sung, Kwon Won, Mr. sajjad Hussain.

Pakistani Ambassador to Seoul Murad Ali hosted a function where the Pakistani enovy and other Pakistani residents in Seoul and their Korean friends celebrated the 133rd Birthday of Dr. Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal, renowned poet, scholar, philosopher and thinker, who gave the idea of Pakistan.

The celebration was held at Hanyang University in Seoul on Nov. 9, 2009. A large number of Korean scholars and academicians along with Pakistani community in South Korea attended the function.

Amb. Ali delivered a special speech in front of the gathering.

The following is the message from the Ambassador of Pakistan, Murad Ali on the occasion of 133rd Birth Anniversary of Dr. Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal.

Since my arrival two years back in August 2007, I have been feeling that, while cultural relations between Pakistan and South Korea have prospered over the past 25 years, the awareness about national leaders of each other needed greater attention.

Through the Independence Day (14 August) and National Day (23 March) celebrations, the Koreans know about Father of the Nation, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Therefore, greater need to familiarize the personality of Dr. Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal, the poet-philosopher and a literary giant who gave the idea of Pakistan and the vision of a separate country for the Muslims of the Sub-continent.

Born in the city of Sialkot, Pakistan, Muhammad Iqbal studied in Lahore, the cultural capital of Pakistan and later in Cambridge and Munich University. A lawyer by profession, he had deep insight in literature, religion and politics. His poetry and philosophy left a deep in print on the evolution of political thought not only in the sub continent but also in Europe, Central Asia and neighbouring Iran. The central concept of Khudi (self-esteem) i.e. knowing one’s inner capabilities and potentials through introspection and self-cognition through revolutionary thinking was widely appreciated by the young generation.

Iqbal’s political insight could discern the deep malaise of the Muslims of Sub-Continent for whom he visualized an independent state. Presiding over the All India Muslim League Session in 1930, he gave the idea of Pakistan which became a reality with the struggle of the Muslim under the leadership of Iqbal, who is known as “Mufakkar-e-Pakistan” or Thinker of Pakistan”.

On 9 November, we celebrated the birth day of Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal. The event was organised for the first time in South Korea. A significant number of Pakistani community members and Korean scholars, academicians attended the program. I hope our endeavour to introduce the Poet-Philosopher of Pakistan and his works to the Korean society will bring the two people closer to each other. I hope we will continue to celebrate such occasions in future as well.

Who Is Dr. Muhammad Iqbal?

Hazrat Allama Dr Sir Muhammad Iqbal (Punjabi, Urdu: علامہ محمد اقبال; November 9, 1877 Sialkot – April 21, 1938 Lahore) was a Persian and Urdu poet, philosopher and politician [1] whose vision of an independent state for the Muslims of British India was to inspire the creation of Pakistan. He is commonly referred to as Allama Iqbal (علامہ اقبال‎, Allama meaning "Scholar").

After studying in Cambridge, Munich and Heidelberg, Iqbal established a law practice, but concentrated primarily on writing scholarly works on politics, economics, history, philosophy and religion. He is best known for his poetic works, including Asrar-e-Khudi—which brought a knighthood— Rumuz-e-Bekhudi, and the Bang-e-Dara, with its enduring patriotic song Tarana-e-Hind. In India, he is widely regarded for the patriotic song, Saare Jahan Se Achcha. In Afghanistan and Iran, where he is known as Eghbāl-e-Lāhoorī (اقبال لاہوری‎ Iqbal of Lahore), he is highly regarded for his Persian works.

Iqbal was a strong proponent of the political and spiritual revival of Islamic civilisation across the world, but specifically in South Asia; a series of famous lectures he delivered to this effect were published as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. One of the most prominent leaders of the All India Muslim League, Iqbal encouraged the creation of a "state in northwestern India for Muslims" in his 1930 presidential address. Iqbal encouraged and worked closely with Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and he is known as Muffakir-e-Pakistan ("The Thinker of Pakistan"), Shair-e-Mashriq ("The Poet of the East"), and Hakeem-ul-Ummat ("The Sage of Ummah"). He is officially recognized as the national poet of Pakistan. The anniversary of his birth (یوم ولادت محمد اقبال‎ - Yōm-e Welādat-e Muḥammad Iqbāl) is on November 9, and is a national holiday in Pakistan.

Mudassir Iqbal
Embassy of Pakistan






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