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  Middle East & Africa
Egypt's Pharaohs Must Be Stopped
Special Contribution
By Prof. Abdelkader Zerougui
American University
Dr. Mohamed Morsi

Dr. Mohamed Morsi is to become the first democratically elected president in the history of Egypt. With more than 52 percent of the votes, the Muslim Brotherhood candidate is putting the establishment and the region on the edge. The defeat of the former military commander, and last prime minister under Mubarak's regime has accelerated the maneuvers of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) to block the emergence of a civilian government, as it made the president a gun with no bullets.

Already the first transparent parliamentary elections in the history of Egypt disbanded, a measure that places the SCAF in direct control of the legislative powers. The constitution that was supposed to be rewritten within the parliament is now dead. The SCAF appointed a panel from the former regime to write the draw the new constitution. These illegal and unpopular procedures have been condemned by both the Egyptian opposition and at the international level. The SCAF is only using its coercive powers to maintain an unhealthy status quo, and the consequences of these policies might further damage the already fragile Egyptian society. A “war of all against” is by no means improbable, as the bloody days of 1970s and 1980s are still remembered where violence rocketed the establishment. Already the opposition factions are gathering their energies to certain bleak future that will put Egypt back into a tunnel of darkness.

The SCAF might have few “good” intentions; however, the outcome of these maneuvers are damaging the trust between the military and the Egyptian population, who still believes that the armed forces an organic component of the Egyptian society. However, certain indicators are now pointing to an evil scenario that will bring the Pharaonic order online with 21st century face.

The fear from the Muslim Brotherhood is exaggerated, and their influence in Egyptian society is limited, and thus the parliament as well as the presidency will not be able to operate without a reach out to the rest of the Egyptian opposition. Thus, the SCAF cannot use the dysfunctions that are taking place in Libya and Syria to mask its real intentions, which are derailing the democratic process in Egypt, and preparing for a total coup d'etat.

The regional tensions have played a significant role in thwarting the democratic process in Egypt. GCC countries especially Saudi Arabia which sees the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood as a destabilizing factor in the region, with a theocratic mission that is ultimately exclusive. Thus, economic and financial pressures have been used against the SCAF to force their hands into reactionary measures, to prevent the Muslim Brotherhood from becoming de facto rulers in the Second Republic. The Western world sees the SCAF as a dangerous remedy to the what is now called “Islamic awakening,”

Egypt's democratic process must succeed for the Arab region to debacle from the dark ages of oppression that were imposed on their citizens. It is a matter of "to be or not to be." and the masses decided to take a stand that will either puts Egypt and the Arab world in the right place in history and geo-politics, or destroy the hopes of the people of the region and radicalize the movement.

The question remains what will the Egyptians do towards the obstination of military junta who do not seem to realize that times are different, and the military's place is not in the driving seat, but in protecting the nation from possible foreign invasions.

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Prof. Abdelkader Zerougui is an adjunct professor of sociology at American University in Washington DC, where he received his MA and PhD in sociology. Prof. Zerougui’s writings have appeared on many respected media including the Washington Times and The Seoul Times.






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