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"Black January" Remembered in Seoul
Azeri Envoy Hosts Photo Event at Hannam Tower
Azerbaijan Ambassador to Seoul Ramzi Teymurov (right) shows related photos of "Black January" to participants at his event held at Hannam Tower in Seoul's Hannam-dong on Jan. 20, 2016.

On Jan. 19 to 20, 1990 A Soviet troops of 26,000 fully equipped soldiers stormed Azerbaijan killing 133 civilians, wounding 611 others in so-called the Black January tragedy.

Twenty six years later on Jan. 20 (Wednesday), 2016 Azerbaijan Ambassador to Seoul Ramzi Teymurov hosted a ceremony to remember the horrible incident at Pent House on top of Hannam Tower in Hannam Village in Seoul's Hannam-dong.

Scores of photos about "Black January" tragedy were displayed at the event while the Azeri envoy spoke about the tragedy of the massacre.

A short video presentation about the massacre was also made in front of the audience at the event.

Jan. 20, 2016 marks the 26th commemoration of the Black January tragedy in Azerbaijan which had evoked anger and indignation of the progressive forces all over the world.

Azerbaijan Ambassador to Seoul Ramzi Teymurov
The following is the full text of the "Black January" tragedy story released from the Azerbaijan Embassy in Seoul.

The large-scale bloody campaign of genocide against Azerbaijan over the night from Jan. 19 to 20, 1990 was the ideological and political attempt of the former USSR in order to save Communist rule in response to the rising national independence movement, and also to the protests against aggressive actions and ethnic cleansing of Armenia claiming to our country.

Storming of 26,000 Soviet troops equipped with heavy military equipment into Baku and some regions of Azerbaijan was accompanied by particular cruelty and torture under conditions of full lack of any resistance from population brought to huge losses and destruction of innocent civilians. The violence used by former Soviet Army aiming to destruct the martial spirit of the nation was out of proportion to the intention of freedom and independence.

The Soviet army also attacked the state TV building, in order to cut off the power supply for preventing the dissemination of news to the international community.

The operation conducted by Soviet troops was a distinct and harsh violation of Final act of Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe of 1975, Final document of Viennese meeting of CSCE of 1989, Declaration on protection of women and children in emergency and armed conflicts of 1974, Convention on child’s rights of 1989, acting conventions regulating waging of war, in particular, 4th Hague Convention about the rule and customs of land war of 1967.

Victims of "Black January" in Martyrs' Lane, Baku

As a result of the crackdown operation of the large contingent of Soviet Army, 133 unarmed peaceful civilians were killed, 611 men were wounded, 841 men were illegally arrested and 5 are still missing. And also, 200 houses and apartments, 80 automobiles, including ambulance cars, the state and personal property were ransacked and burnt by Soviet soldiers.

Right after the tragedy, the extreme session of the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijani SSR held on January with the purpose of evaluation the January events. The session adopted the Decree of the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijani SSR “On cancellation of the state of emergency in Baku city”, and also the appeals to the USSR Supreme Council, Supreme Councils of union republics, parliaments of all countries of the world.

The Black January event was the obvious display of the ability of Azerbaijani people to reserve the longstanding historical heroism and to resist the cruel attacks for the sake of the freedom and independence of their motherland at the cost of losing their lives.

Despite 26 years have already passed since 1990, the people of Azerbaijan continue to commemorate the bloody tragedy and hundreds of thousands of people visit the Alley of Martyrs in Baku in order to honor the sacrifice those who lost their lives on Black January through their commitment to the ideals of independence.

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