The provincial private institution of higher learning also functioned as a shrine for the highly respected Confucian scholar Jeongam (ð¡äÝ) Cho Gwangjo (ðáÎÃðÓ:1482-1519) who served as a high-level government official including a post of minister.
The reform-minded was killed by his political rivals for a series of his drastic policies directed at the conservative court officials. Later Cho Gwangjo was revered as the symbol of exemplary Confucian scholar among the people.
Shimgok Seowon is located at Shanghyeon-dong, Suji-gu, Yongin City in Gyeonggi Province. It was originally built in 1649.
Seowon (ßöêÂ), literally library or printing house, is one of the 47 seowons survived from the harsh crackdown by Daewongun, father of King Gojong around the end of Jeoseon Dynasty.
During the time as many as 1,000 seowons in the country were forcibly closed by Daewongun fro they were the sources of political rivalry and corruptions among the local scholars and clans.
Seowons blossomed during the middle of Jeonseon Dynasty, multiflying in its number during mid-Jeoseon Dynasty and thereafter on the strength of state religion of Confucianism officially adopted by Jeoson as its governing ideology.
At its peak the number of seowon reached over 1,200 around the country in 17th century.
Currently, there are a total of 648 seowons scattered around the country in South Korea.
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